Understanding some of these acronyms can sometimes send your head spinning but fear not because I will break them down for you. You will see that they are actually really simple to understand and remember.
Firstly, let’s start with TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) and EFL (English as a Foreign Language). These are the two most used terms.
Then we have TESOL, which stands for Teaching English to Speakers of Other languages. As you can see that TEFL and TESOL actually have the same goal in mind, that is teaching English to non-native English Speakers. Some countries prefer to use the acronym TEFL whereas others prefer TESOL.
Below I will list the acronyms and their meanings to make it easier for you and you will see that they are actually really simple to understand and remember:
TEYL – Teaching English to Young Learners.
TESL – Teaching English as a Second Language. This is teaching English to people who have immigrated to English-speaking countries.
TOEFL – Test of English as a foreign language.
TOEIC – Test of English for International Communication.
CLT – Communicative Language Teaching. This focuses on a teaching method, which is leaner-centred, authentic and meaningful. (See my next blog post where I will focus on this in more detail)
L1 – This is the learners first language, that is native language.
L2 – This refers to the second language a learner is learning.
PPP – Presentation, Practice, Production. Refers to way the teaching plans and teaches the class.
STT – Student Talking Time. It is important that the learners talk as much as possible using the language they are learning during class in order for them to master it.
TTT – Teacher Talking Time. It is important that the teachers speak less than the learners to give the students the best practice opportunity.
ELT – English Language Teaching.
ESL – English as a Second Language.
CEFR – Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
CELTA – Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults.
CLIL – Content and Language Integrated Learning.
EAL – English as an additional language.
EAP – English for academic purposes.
ESP – English for a specific purpose.
ELA – English Language Acquisition.
ELD – English Language Development.
IELTS – International English Language Testing System.
IEP – Intensive English Program
That about sums up the most used acronyms. Hope this is of help to you.